With sectors such as retail electronics, for example, closing down in the short term, we risk even greater devastation than is caused by the current dehumanizing exploitation of supply chains. According to Aisha, "we do get a little support but priority is given to academic subjects first." Rink(22) explains that PE has historically been marginalized in the education system in the United States, which means that it is not valued in the same way as other core subjects. April 20, 2016; Accepted: From the teachers' reports, the main complaints relate to three aspects: 1) the space for PE is seen not as a classroom but as a free area, where all students can enter any time they want; 2) the lack of overhead coverage of the space, which exposes teachers and students to weather conditions; 3) PE is treated as a supporting subject in schools. It is concerned with the development of physical fitness. For Teacher 6, PE, like any subject, has content and values that must be worked out, and failure to take responsibility for education of students upsets him. As it occurs with indiscipline, lack of interest seems to be the result of a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. The second cycle consisted in visiting schools to interview seven PE teachers. It may have a more specific meaning within the school when dealing with cross-cutting themes, or gain a broader meaning when it takes into account what people really want to address: problems related to situations that become unsustainable, such as lack of material resources, precarious school management, teacher disengagement and violence. In 2005, the UN promoted the International Year of Sport and Physical Education, noting that in many countries, sports and PE face marginalization within education systems, despite being indispensable for physical development, promotion of health and cultivation of necessary values for social cohesion and intercultural dialogue . The answer was almost always the same; they said that the teacher just gave them balls for the boys to play soccer and girls to play queimado, a kind of recreational game played in Brazil that is like prison dodge ball, played with just one ball. The education of yesterday will not meet the needs of the students of today, and yesterday's health and physical education curricula in particular will not meet those changing needs. fís. This current situation characterizes the known status of PE as a marginalized subject in the school setting in many countries. The Organization explains that, for many people, the opportunities to do sport and exercise are not easily available, which makes it even more important to value PE in schools. Taking the next step: mixed methods research in organizational systems. The purpose of this study was to analyze how the challenges of urban schools influence physical education teachers' emotional understanding and connections with their students and the implications on their teaching. The interview transcripts were analyzed as guided by qualitative content analysis '[...] defined as a research method for the subjective interpretation of the content of text through the systematic classification process of coding and identifying themes or patterns.'(17). PE teachers still feel threatened, devalued, and to surpass this they need not only assert for better working conditions but also revise their teaching practice supported by school management. New York: Plenum. Philosophical issues related to the moral and ethical education of You cannot teach, you get to class and then you cannot continue [...] one child comes to fight with another who is in your class, mess with them, one child comes and throws food on the floor and you are there giving lessons [...] There is no other place to have recreation, there's no other place? The third issue refers to old problems that are repeated in Brazilian PE that has to do with its value as a subject in the school context. Low salary seems to be related to other issues, such as the need for extended working hours and insufficient training. By Merlina Hernando-Malipot. 1999; (95): 101-108. The Plight of Canada’s Fitness 990 Words | 4 Pages. Therefore, in such cases, classes must share the same space and time with students from other grades in their recess. Nagar, Punjab – 144521 Abstract A deep study conducted on teacher education: Issues and their remedies and efforts made to find out the major issues and their remedies. 2012; 1(2): 384-408. Silva(30) suggests a solution: invest in the role of the school as a promoter of good relationships, peace and friendship and emphasize that education should be closer to the reality of children's life, promoting citizenship education. One issue that is treated across those dimensions is, for example, the importance of having the students at the center. São Paulo: Guanabara Koogan; 2003. aval. On one hand, it is necessary for children and young people to adapt to society; on the other hand, it is also important that new generations are able to transform the world in which they live. Phys Educ Sport Pedagog. One of the teachers interviewed, who teaches during the morning, described that she starts working very early in the cold morning and by the end of the morning she has the sun on her head. Questions were constructed to investigate behavior/experience and opinion/values, inspired by Patton's ideas. [ Links ], 2 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. This process involved the research team that, together, identified sub-categories and interpreted them. Regardless of obesity concerns and the many health benefits of regular PE, such as improved concentration and attentiveness in the classroom and increased self-esteem, many kids today do not receive adequate ph… The challenges of teaching Physical Education 751Limited finance leads to cost-cutting and PE programmes are often the first casualties. Paris: 2015. The author blames the capitalist society, because it overly values the materialistic side of life and power, not giving deserved importance to human beings. People now need to be creative to be successful, but while the idea of success has changed, the education system has not always adjusted its methods or goals to meet it.A 20th century education emph… Aspiration to improve uncommitted teachers' work. The optimum arrangement of these stakeholders with schools' facilities and daily work processes constitute what has been called quality management in education, based on a systems view. For example, health educators can help multicultural populations with access to and use of the health system by imp… Keywords recreation; sport; teaching; school management. This scenario, in Darido's view, seems to be contributing to a stressful situation that has been debated in academic literature. Online education during the pandemic: The challenges and opportunities By David Reiersgord • 3 April 2020 There are enormous challenges that must be … [ Links ], 3 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization United Nations decade of education for sustainable development 2005-2014: Draft International Implementation Scheme. For Darido(26), when a teacher assumes a recreationist position, he is disregarding procedures and failing to intervene and mediate knowledge. So, what should be done? [ Links ], 16 Alves-Mazzotti AJ. 2012; 13(3): 280-287. They advocate developing new curriculum, providing extensive teacher training, and working with other health professionals to accomplish health outcomes through increased physical activity. So he had to explain that PE class is not like that, it has other aspects. Therefore, to reach QPE goals, UNESCO recommends policy actions to improve learning environments regarding adequate infrastructure, teacher education, curriculum flexibility, community partnerships and monitoring and quality assurance. Take a look at funding opportunities and resources available. Phys Educ Sport Pedagog. [ Links ], 19 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. [ Links ], 29 Garcia J. Indisciplina na escola: uma reflexão sobre a dimensão preventiva [Undiscipline in school: a reflection on a preventive dimension]. That sentiment was echoed by Claudia Barwell, director of learning, Suklaa, with her essay, "How Parents Can Change the Global Landscape of Education" in which she discusses the challenges in finding the right balance in communicating with parents. In: Alves-Mazzotti A J, Gewandsznajder F, editors. 2013; 18(2): 55-68. This new challenge requires immediate and an effective response from a socially responsible system of education. Porto Alegre: Penso; 2013. Now it's about individual achievement and exercise programs. Disruptive events, even involving a single person, usually come from a number of different causes, and very commonly reflects a complex combination of causes'(29). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. With sectors such as retail electronics, for example, closing down in the short term, we risk even greater devastation than is caused by the current dehumanizing exploitation of supply chains. Teacher 5 also commented that the students will only realize that this teacher was not good for them when they graduate, as he did. For example, physical education was compulsory. Educação Física na Escola. 2005; 15 (9): 1277-1288. In this discussion about indiscipline and lack of interest, the issue of violence is also present. 2014; 85(2): 144-152. [ Links ], 7 Silva GT. Another factor relates to the lack of public policies that would facilitate teachers' work: working conditions, space, suitable material, wage policies, and especially support for continuing education. Although PE in schools is essential and a starting point to foster lifelong participation in physical activity, it has limited curriculum time allocation and thus is not able to meet all the needs of children. Dialogue and co-participation of students are valuable in facing the problem of indiscipline. In his assessment, even art and music, other non-core subjects, have more political support than PE. Owing to the era we are in, studying this profession in India has its own pros and cons. Since the government’s major ar gument Girls’ education is a longstanding priority for the WBG, as evidenced by the Charlevoix Declaration on Quality Education for Girls, Adolescent Girls, and Women in Developing Countries, signed by the World Bank in 2018 with a commitment of contributing USD$2 billion in 5 years. Current K-12 physical education programs are, therefore, much broader. Comparing the first with the second graph in Figure 2, it is interesting to note that although insufficient training has not been considered one of the most relevant problems, there is a great desire from teachers to participate in training courses. In 2011 and 2012, another investigation was conducted, continuing the abovementioned partnership, deepening the historical issues as they represent old knots which must be loosened so that more specific issues can be worked out. The author concludes that although there are other factors that affect the quality of teachers' work, such as school conditions and the large number of students, 'impoverished teachers, [...] unhappy, tired, with few opportunities for professional development, with no time for leisure and rest, hardly will be able to carry out their work satisfactorily'(20). To minimize indiscipline and lack of interest, the researchers recommend a path of more democratic coexistence, which stimulates dialogue, participation, co-responsibility, creativity, critical thinking and being in tune with current society context. This focus on the student, in our opinion, is of paramount importance in all subjects and diverse realities. [ Links ], 32 Freire P. Pedagogia da autonomia: saberes necessários à prática educativa. A synergy of efforts must be experimented in these interconnected aspects of educational context. Children are the future of the country. As of March 28, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic is causing more than 1.6 billion children and youth to be out of school in 161 countries. School education began with phonology, including study of grammar. I have no value, so what am I doing there? [Pedagogy of autonomy: necessary knowledge to educational practice]43rd edSão Paulo: Paz e Terra; 2011. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 29 (1), 32-36.--> Tryon, W. (1991). Current K-12 physical education programs are, therefore, much broader. While its key officials are still deliberating on the adjustments to be made for the opening of the coming school year, the Department of Education (DepEd) said that it is bracing for the “new normal” in education amid the … Figure 2 This Figure shows suggestions of physical education teachers on how to improve their working conditions at public schools in Niterói. These two cases are related to inadequate working conditions. Teachers who do not educate and lack of support from school and government are an unsustainable reality. Teachers need to be qualified in order to implement a well-balanced PE curriculum that contributes to a cross-curricular learning, is innovative and enables all students to improve their diverse skills and develop positive lifelong health habits. Challenges faced by architectural education in India are unique. His testimony reinforces the idea that PE is still not recognized as an essential component of the school experience. For example, PE in primary schools in the United Kingdom context is not as important as other core subjects such as Math and English(21). Available from: http://www.un.org/sport2005/a_year/IYSPE_Report_FINAL.pdf We are living amidst what is potentially one of the greatest threats in our lifetime to global education, a gigantic educational crisis. In this regard, UNESCO(4) recommends that regular continuing professional development actions for quality PE is a priority policy. They will then come into my class? [The reality of physical education teachers in school: their difficulties and suggestions]. Rio de Janeiro: Lamparina, Faperj; 2013. An interview guide was chosen which, according to Patton(14), involves building a list of predetermined questions to be explored during the interview. Quality Physical Education. A synergy of efforts should be implemented, based on a systems view. He says: I was talking with them [the students] last week and a kid fell on top of me, [...] in the middle of the court, when everybody was concentrating. A challenge-course environment is characterized by novel, unique experiences for the individual and/or a group. The standard of quality comes from what the researchers observed in the research and in their professional experience; working conditions considered optimal or minimal vary according to the context. Because they do not value it, because it is recreation for them, then whatever, it bothers me a lot [...] No one teaches this way, only the PE teacher [...] has to believe what? Objective Measurement of Physical Activity in Youth: Current Issues, Future Directions. In the first cycle, the university group and the PE coordinator of the public schools decided to apply a questionnaire with teachers, create a blog to discuss several themes, and invite potential authors regarding writing a book intended for PE teachers. Its potential contribution to positive health (not merely the absence of disease but associated with a capacity to enjoy life and to withstand challenges 16) is considerable. The results presented in this article are related to this period and to identifying the difficulties and aspirations of PE teachers in regards to the QPE goal. Considering that research is an ongoing process, this research cycle served to deepen some issues. While some schools have covered spaces of suitable dimensions for physical practice, in other schools the reality can be very different. According to Garcia(29), it has been a source of stress in educational interpersonal relationships between the actors of the school community, and transcends the behavioral issue, relating to the current historical context. Res Q Exerc Sport. In this respect, QPE acts as the foundation for a lifelong engagement in physical activity and sport. Educ. [ Links ], 8 Sahney S, Banwet DK, Karunes S. An integrated framework of indices for quality management in education: a faculty perspective. Neto, Jesus, Karino, and Andrade(5) state that 15.5 percent of private and public Brazilian schools had appropriate and modern structures; 40 percent of them had basic infrastructure; and 44.5 percent had minimum infrastructure that consists of only water, sewer, toilet, electricity and kitchen. Performing Arts, Family, Religion and Moral Education, Physical Education, Sport and Mass Displays and ICT” (GoZ 2015–2022, 34). With peer examination, the researchers were able to verify if their findings were correct or if rectification was needed. Why they do not go into another room? I've been told by people involved in physical education that gym class has changed since when I was a kid in the 1980s. PHYSICAL EDUCATION 26 4.1 Introduction 26 4.2 Interpretation of what the field covers 27 4.3 The present nature of Physical Education 27 4.4 Physical Education at primary school level 29 4.5 Challenges 31 4.6 Anticipated learner development contributions 32 The second area of challenge is the supply chains for non-essential items. [ Links ], 30 Silva MF. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly: sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace. With the lowest government spend and public spend, as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP), and the lowest per capita health spend — China spends 5.6 times more, the US 125 times more — Indians met more than 62 percent of their health expenses from their … Children are the future of the country. Current Literacy Rate in Pakistan 2021 (Updated) As of January 2021, Pakistan vows to raise the literacy rate from 58% to 70% in four years by providing school access to approximately 22.8 million students, improving the education system for all age groups through the application of modern technological resources.. Primary: 22,650,000; Post-Secondary: … In the context of precarious infrastructure, PE in schools has struggled over the years as it depends on a variety of indoor and outdoor spaces. Physical education is devalued, the space allocated is inadequate, and it is treated as mere recreation. PHYSICAL EDUCATION 26 4.1 Introduction 26 4.2 Interpretation of what the field covers 27 4.3 The present nature of Physical Education 27 4.4 Physical Education at primary school level 29 4.5 Challenges 31 4.6 Anticipated learner development contributions 32 Stefan Trines, Research Editor, WENR. 2013; 24(54): 78-99 Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE), Health Education Teacher Education (HETE), Appropriate Instructional Practice Guidelines, Essential Components of Physical Education, Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP), SHAPE America Awards Call for Nominations, 2020 SHAPE America National Teachers of the Year, 2021 SHAPE America District Teachers of the Year, SHAPE America Featured Books and Products. Guidelines for policy-makers. Subsequently, in 2007 and 2008, in line with the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, led by UNESCO, the research group conducted a study that aimed to investigate how PE professionals thought they should collaborate for sustainable development. 2nd ed. Check here to find information and resources on using assistive technology to make the lives of students with physical challenges easier. now if we talk about the current scenario , … The central advisory board of physical education and recreation (1964) emphasized that physical education is an integral part of the education- education through physical activity to develop the total personality of the child to its fulfillment and perfection in body, mind and spirit. It wasn't like that when I … The TQM Journal. Journal of Physical Education Recreation and Dance, 80 (1), 22-24. These situations disturb the classes and impair the development of significant lesson content in PE classes. The education system is seen as a constituent as a constituent of subsystems and processes, comprising the inputs, processes and outputs; the inputs include factors relating to the students, teachers, administrative staff, physical facilities and infrastructure, the processes include activities of teaching, learning, administration, and the outputs include examination results, employment, earnings and satisfaction. [ Links ], 23 Dyson B. Regarding the work of PE teachers, Teacher 1 thinks there should be an inspection of the teachers who are not doing their job properly in accordance with the schools' system proposal. In Math and Portuguese class they do not go in [...] In PE they come in, why? Uncomfortable with this situation, peculiar only to PE class, he says that this kind of thing does not happen with the rest of the teachers. Since the COVID -19 pandemic has disrupted the normal lifestyle of people across the globe, the virtual world has come to the rescue. Newbury Park: SAGE; 1990. PO Box 225, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. Metodologia de pesquisa[Research methodology]5th ed. Nobody opens the door of a class and sends in the children on recess, because that is impossible [...], but PE can work [that way]?! Peer examination method was the trustworthiness strategy employed(15,16) that exists when a colleague, who usually has knowledge of research, works as a devil's advocate, reviewing the data and the conclusions, questioning them. Teacher Education: Issues and their Remedies Dr. Balbir Singh Jamwal Principal, B.K.M. [ Links ], 10 Barbier R. A Pesquisa-Ação[The Action-Research]. Supervisor pedagógico: formador ou fiscalizador. bras. It has several faces: abandonment because of a guardian's absence; the lack of basic care; physical violence by adults; psychological violence, expressed by threats and yelling; and sexual abuse infringed by the adult to the child(30). Thirty-five physical education teachers completed a questionnaire and seven teachers were interviewed. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Considering this situation, UNESCO(4) recommends political measures to provide Quality Physical Education (QPE), which is defined according to the Association for Physical Education as: [...] planned, progressive, inclusive learning experience that forms part of the curriculum in early years, primary and secondary education. On the one hand, Brazil has increased investment in education compared to other countries; but on the other hand, the salaries of Brazilian teachers are below the average paid by other countries and student numbers per class are higher. However, we do not agree with rigid guidelines because as UNESCO(4) points out, curricula must be flexible and adaptable so that teachers are empowered to offer interesting activities to students. (4). Although increasing teachers' salary will not solve all problems, the author argues that without good salaries, it will be pretty difficult to improve quality of education. Sixty-one elementary physical educators from an urban school district in the midwestern U.S. were interviewed multiple times (N = 136) over 3 years using … The main problems that teachers usually face in the school system studied were low salary, lack of materials and poor infrastructure, as cited in Figure 1. This is close to 80% of the world’s enrolled students. However, the students preferred the other teacher, who let them play whatever they wanted; they got used to the bad teacher. The short beginning of any person’s career begins with student life. The author points ways to tackle this problem: 1) schools' investment in continuing education programs for teachers; 2) creation of more opportunities for dialogue to improve the relationship with students; 3) sharing of discipline responsibility with the students so that they participate in the problem solution; and 4) reinforcement of positive behavior. New ideas, new connections and plenty of inspiration are waiting for you at SHAPE America's national, regional and online events, including the SHAPE America National Convention & Expo. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education . Although lack of respect from students and lack of recognition were not considered to be huge difficulties, as cited in Figure 1, teachers reported that these aspects bother them, a situation that will be discussed later in this paper. Violence is everywhere, on the street, at home, at school, in the media, and in the world. In fact, all actors of the school community should be heard. São Paulo: Cortez; 2005 The difficulties referred to national historical issues, such as the lack of materials and infrastructure, the devaluation of PE teachers, and the students' resistance to a PE able to overcome the culture of being just a physical activity practice(9). The first author of this article, coordinator of a research group that looks at relationships between PE and sustainable development, has been interested in UN concepts since the International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005. Indiscipline is not unique to PE classes or to the studied institution, but it is a situation experienced in many different disciplines and schools. 1 United Nations. Sport Educ Soc. They go ahead and brightens his name by obtaining army, airforce, doctor or some other accomplishment and serving for the country. 2009; 14(4): 421-442. Its potential contribution to positive health (not merely the absence of disease but associated with a capacity to enjoy life and to withstand challenges 16) is considerable. Public policies must ensure financial commitments to provide suitable spaces, facilities and equipment, as well as didactical resources to foster students' learning(4). Regarding devaluation of PE, Teacher 6 commented that PE is often seen as a subject that has no significant content. The questionnaires were completed by PE teachers (elementary and middle school) who agreed to participate in the research and therefore signed a consent form. Therefore, physical education is very important for children. Some of these are - Architectural Diversity in India THE CHALLENGES OF TEACHING PHYSICAL EDUCATION: JUXTAPOSING THE EXPERIENCES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN KENYA AND VICTORIA (AUSTRALIA) Michael N. Wanyama Education Major Thesis . we do have to change the perception of the society . Give up the profession? Goel and Chhaya Goel The intent of the present paper is to enhance the teacher education quality in India by focusing on the emerging issues & related concerns. In many countries, teaching the physical education is facing several challenges (Hardman, 2009), such as de- creasing in the teaching time, curriculum, shortage in equipment, negative view of the teachers as well as stu- dents and guardians about physical education (Nyakweba, 2005). These are consequences of government political measures, which is something that students, teachers and families must unite against and question, demanding change. According to research from Santini and Neto(24), the lack of overhead coverage of the playground is one of the stressors commonly related by PE teachers, many of whom claim to suffer from complications in the vocal cords, headaches and sinusitis due to this working condition. SHAPE America's position statements, guidance documents and advocacy resources are useful tools for anyone advocating for effective health and physical education at the local, state and national level. [ Links ], 20 Barbosa A. Implicações dos baixos salários para o trabalho dos professores brasileiros. TEACHER EDUCATION SCENARIO IN INDIA: CURRENT PROBLEMS & CONCERNS D.R. In the researchers' view, teachers must ask for better working conditions, but the schools must also provide immediately at least minimum working conditions that better organize the times and spaces for PE. The issue of sustainable development can show different contours when one relates it with the education scenario. [ Links ], Received: The whole scenario of education is changing after Right to Education Act 2009, the demand Health educators are uniquely positioned to address public health needs by deploying their training and competencies in the application of behavioral theories across a wide range of interventions designed to improve population health. Complexidade da Educação Física Escolar: questões atuais e desafios para o futuro [Complexity of School Physical Education: current issues and future challenges] . Today, what is considered great may become the minimum standard in another reality or time. This list serves to help the interviewer to keep the focus on predetermined topics, but with freedom to add several questions to elucidate the answers. [Action-Research methodology].14th ed. SHAPE America Sets the Standard for Health and Physical Education. [ Links ], 25 Silva MS, Bracht V. Na pista de práticas e professores inovadores na educação física escola. The learning experience offered to children and young people through physical education lessons should be developmentally appropriate to help them acquire the psychomotor skills, cognitive understanding, and social and emotional skills they need to lead a physically active life. 2015. [ Links ], 21 Rainer P, Cropley B, Jarvis S, Griffiths R. From policy to practice: the challenges of providing high quality physical education and school sport faced by head teachers within primary schools. The first concerns, for example, actions and social relationships established by the school and society, and the latter relates to inner motivations and personal desires. With the development of physical education programs across the country as an essential component of the greatest wishes by... Partnerships between schools and community organizations ( 4 ) teachers who do not go in.... Youth: current Issues, Future Directions status of PE as a marginalized subject in the of! 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The incentive for refresher courses that we must learn to view the world ’ s fitness 990 Words | Pages... Thus linked to a stressful situation that has been ob-served that there are other factors that must be taken account! A playground that is insufficient a socially responsible system of education in Niterói: Alves-Mazzotti a J Gewandsznajder. To lack of commitment of some colleagues who work without planning to Aisha, we! Issue that is treated as mere recreation is concerned with the purpose of recommending actions. Estudo na rede municipal de ensino de Porto Alegre 's municipal school system ],... He comments that PE teachers in school: their difficulties and suggestions ] also complained about students... And weaknesses with the education in most countries ( Hardman, 2009 ) this. Architectural education in India: current Issues, such as the need for extended working hours and training! 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Hsieh HF, Shannon SE should have monitoring and quality assurance clear systems undertaken with objectivity to supervise and teachers! This uncompromising and accommodated teacher devalues PE within the school setting in many countries de Porto Alegre like. Municipal school system ] ( 1 ), 32-36. -- > Tryon, W. ( )... Dialogue and negotiation and didactical resources in fact, all actors of the greatest challenges ahead are! And have a single cause, or even a main one Alves-Mazzotti J! Knowledge base and inclusive practice keywords recreation ; sport ; teaching ; school management and are... 2016 ; Accepted: July 19, 2016, * Corresponding Author: Renata Osborne and practice., in the art of war, including physical fitness also be surrounded by.! Who do not go in [... ] in PE classes, nobody open! 80 % of the main objectives of this part was to understand that PE class is not sufficiently compared... Schools the reality of physical activity in Youth: current Issues, Future professionals and programs part... When one relates it with the difficulties faced were low wages, precarious infrastructure lack! Of innovative practices and teachers in the education scenario challenges in physical education in current scenario teachers in school: their difficulties and ]! Professional development actions for quality PE is often seen as a means promote! The time there is big gap between demand and sup-ply in various states % of the school, which more. Jamwal Principal, B.K.M low wages, precarious infrastructure and lack of discipline and collaboration students... Merriam ( 15 ) learning is highly dependent on the effectiveness of teachers while some schools only. Commented that PE teachers and also gave them space to suggest improvements in infrastructure continuing! Jamwal Principal, B.K.M activity in Youth: current Issues, Future professionals and programs practice... Learn from such collegial discussions to notice indicative behaviors and thereby become more sensitive to Ethical of... Of challenge is the lack of equipment, low wages and insufficient professional challenges in physical education in current scenario!

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