Instead, it seems to have become a numbers game. Those scientists of the past who found unflattering differences between blacks and other races exhibited “racial bias of the most vicious kind” (p. 134). Jennifer L. Eberhardt is an American social psychologist and professor of psychology at Stanford University. Eberhardt shows us how we can be vulnerable to bias but not doomed to live under its grip. We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app for more amazing summaries and audiobooks. She is, quite clearly, not just an African-American with opinions, she has a lot of detailed and scientific knowledge about how bias works. An Introduction to "Biased" by Jennifer L. Eberhardt - YouTube In other words, even if you’re consciously against racists and racism, you are implicitly biased because (as numerous studies have shown) you were programmed by evolution to love the people that are like you and doubt those that are not. Many factors contribute to these disparities, including the quality of the applicant’s social networks marshalled to secure employment as well as the level of education, skills, or experience certain jobs require. As Michelle Alexander demonstrated in The New Jim Crow, mass incarceration is basically a modern variant of slavery, because it is not mostly an African-American problem—but it is also, almost exclusively, an American problem (with blacks). Because if this book doesn’t convince you that what you believe and think you know is merely something that your brain wants you to – and is not necessarily based on reality – then very few books can, let alone will. Photo Credit: Global Diaspora News (www.GlobalDiasporaNews.com). So, Nextdoor added some friction and since about two years ago, for the crime and safety tab, you can’t just write—you have to identify some behavior that is actually suspicious. Moreover, the bail for an average African-American detainee is, on average, 35% higher than the bail for a white American. Jennifer Eberhardt, one of the world's leading experts on unconscious racial bias, has conducted training sessions with law enforcement for nearly 15 years on how bias … At the same time, many African-American graduates from top-tier schools “whiten” their CVs (by, say, using their initials or different names) so as to not trigger their interviewers’ implicit bias. The less one has interacted with members of another race, the more they tend to generalize about that race. Research shows that talking about racial issues with people of other races is particularly stressful for whites. #BLACKFRIDAY 12min - Get your career back on track! Racists merely make this equation a bit clearer. Buried deep near the base of the brain, the FFA helps us distinguish the familiar from the unfamiliar, friend from foe. 'Biased' Author Says To Start By Acknowledging It March 28, 2019 • In her new book, psychology professor Jennifer Eberhardt explores how unconscious racial bias shapes human behavior — … Toby Sinclair Book Summaries June 17, 2020 June 17, 2020 7 Minutes. However, forcing people that are primed to despise each other into contact has precisely the opposite effect: it merely confirms biases and inevitably leads to serious issues. And this is not an isolated incident: it happens so often, in fact, that numerous games have been halted because of this—in France only. Housing, Education, Criminal Justice, Employment etc. To make matters worse, the mass incarceration of African-Americans is becoming more and more problematic because the vicious circle goes in the opposite direction as well. And the disparities themselves then bolster our biases. Implicit bias can be layered and complicated. “Those ideas have the power to bias our perception, our attention, our memory, and our actions—all despite our conscious awareness or deliberate intentions. The same fear response that’s supposed to keep us safe can activate bias in ways that stigmatize and threaten others. The concept of stereotypes dates back to the time of Plato, whose dialogues explored the question of whether one’s perceptions correspond to the actual state of affairs. Success requires us to be willing to tolerate that discomfort as we learn to communicate, get to know one another, and make deeper efforts to shift the underlying cultures that lead to bias and exclusion. https://bookpage.com/interviews/23874-jennifer-l-eberhardt-nonfiction “Diversity” has been a corporate watchword since before they were born. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do. Biased : uncovering the hidden prejudice that shapes what we see, think, and do / Jennifer L. Eberhardt, PhD Eberhardt, Jennifer L. (Jennifer Lynn), author. But that’s what tends to occur when you’re thinking fast: the innate biases and categorizations buried within you flow to the surface because the brain has to make an instant decision. Bias negatively impacts Black people in almost all parts of society. Eberhardt works extensively as a consultant to law enforcement and as a psychologist at the forefront of this new field. When we are forced to make quick decisions using subjective criteria, the potential for bias is great. by Andrew Packman October 1, 2019 The once radical claim that racism is much more than personal prejudice has … And how can it be any different when, to quote the words of Mindset author, Carol Dweck, “Jennifer is one of the great thinkers and one of the great voices of our time.” Dweck believes that “her book will change the conversation on race in our society–and perhaps our society itself.”We are not so optimistic, but hope for the same outcome. However, Biased is primarily about race, and primarily about the relationship between blacks and whites, not only because “the racial dynamics between blacks and whites are dramatic, consequential, and enduring,” but also because these two groups “have been studied the most by researchers investigating bias.”, “We all have ideas about race, even the most open-minded among us,” writes Eberhardt in a further delineation of the subject-matter of her book. The following are my favorite notes from Jennifer L. Eberhardt's Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do. Bias drives what we perceive, how we think, and the actions we take. Eberhardt and her team analyzed about 28,000 police stops between 2013 and 2014 to see if the hypothesis described above bears a relation with reality. And they should talk about it at school, where, unfortunately, so many things are taken at face value nowadays that, according to a 2017 survey, “only 8 percent of high school seniors could identify slavery as the primary reason the South seceded from the Union. The stereotypes shadow them. At first, the police wondered why did the attacks targeted such a specific group of people, but, soon after, profilers unearthed the reason: the black teenagers knew that Chinese women would have problems differentiating between them and, thus, would be unable to identify them even if caught. Even when stats show otherwise, most Americans (even blacks) tend to associate the presence of a majority of blacks in a neighborhood with higher crime rates. In her 2019 book Biased, the MacArthur genius unpacked decades of research, some performed by herself and her colleagues, that helps explain how bias operates powerfully, but sometimes … For example, when it comes to corporate leadership roles, the mental associations between whiteness and leadership have contributed to the scarcity of minorities at the helm of powerhouse corporate entities. Even though African-Americans make up only about one-tenth of the overall population in the USA, almost half of the imprisoned men and women are African-Americans! J ennifer Eberhardt is a MacArthur “genius grant” winner and psychology professor at Stanford University who studies implicit bias. Racial bias is … Black students are significantly more likely to be disciplined for relatively minor infractions than any other group. It’s not only that detention rates for blacks are four times higher than for white as we described above, but it is also that, on average, their bail is 35% higher! As Jennifer L. Eberhardt demonstrates, you don’t have to be racist to be: According to Robin DiAngelo, author of White Fragility, Biased “should be a required reading for everyone.”, And even though that is true (especially if you are an American), to avoid generalizations, we’ll also quote Linda Darling-Hammond, author of The Flat World and Education: How America’s Commitment to Equity will Determine our Future: “Biased is deeply relevant to education and other fields of work, within the U.S. and globally. The formulas used to calculate bail often rely on factors—job stability, arrest history, family resources—that circumstantially disadvantage young black men. Eberhardt, a professor of social psychology at Stanford University, has penned a … However, since categorizing precedes experience (Kant was one of the first people to notice this), and since our brains have developed to help us survive, and not to be right, we tend to notice only things that support our preconceived beliefs and ignore facts that contradict them. And we fill every category we develop with information and imbue it with feelings that guide our actions toward it.”. In Biased, with a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Jennifer Eberhardt offers us insights into the dilemma and a path forward. Blacks were disproportionately stopped even when we controlled for factors like the crime rate and the racial breakdown of residents in the areas where the stops took place. Book Summary: Biased by Dr Jennifer Eberhardt | Free Infographic. In addition, they don’t talk about it at all. Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think and Do, by Jennifer L Eberhardt, Viking, ISBN 9780735224933, 2019, 340 pages, $28.00 hardcover. Eberhardt shows us how we can be vulnerable to bias but not doomed to live under its grip. “In truth,” Eberhardt writes, “bias has been biding its time in an implicit world—in a place where we need not acknowledge it to ourselves or to others, even as it touches our soul and drives our behavior.”. And, you know what? Try not to notice color. And this goes so far that experiments have shown that white people still think, unconsciously, of black people as something almost sub-human. He was just 12 years old and playing with a toy gun in a park in Cleveland, Ohio, when a 26-year-old police officer Timothy Loehmann shot him in the torso, before even parking his car. In Biased, with a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Jennifer Eberhardt offers us insights into the dilemma and a path forward. That’s supposed to reflect an enthusiastic embrace of new perspectives and a willingness to hear and accommodate previously marginalized voices. That affects how blacks are seen in all manner of situations—whether sitting in a classroom or a coffee shop, whether leading a Fortune 500 company or fighting a California wildfire. Jennifer Eberhardt drew from her 20-plus years of research and teaching as a Stanford University professor for her book Biased. In the policing context, this suggests that people stopped by police care as much about how police officers treat them as they do about whether they got a ticket. Facts and Figures from studies shared in the book: In 2016, nearly a thousand people were killed in the United States by police officers. And this is the best illustration of implicit bias you can find. Sentence – Decades of research have shown that murderers of white victims are significantly more likely to be sentenced to death than murderers of black people—even when controlling for nonracial factors that could influence sentencing. Jennifer Eberhardt is a professor of psychology at Stanford and a recipient of a 2014 MacArthur "genius" grant. So young people are desperately tailoring themselves to fit into those boxes. That cringe-worthy expression "They all look alike" has long been considered the province of being a bigot. Nearly half of the students said it was to protest taxes on imported goods. “When people focus on not seeing color,” writes Eberhardt, “they may also fail to see discrimination.” To paraphrase Mellody Hobson’s famous TED Talk, the fight against racism shouldn’t be about developing colorblindness—but color braveness. Unfortunately—and almost unconsciously—we seem to have started treading a wrong path, as the result of which, according to research by the UCLA Civil Rights Project, “the number of intensely segregated schools—where less than 10 percent of students are white—has more than tripled in the past thirty years.”. (Payne, Cheng, Govorun, and Steward 2005). In Biased, with a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Jennifer Eberhardt offers us insights into the dilemma and a path forward. Mental Priming and Fear are some of the primary drivers of bias. Eberhardt works extensively as a consultant to law enforcement and as … Three-quarters for nonviolent offences, Bail – Many people cannot afford pre-trial bail. So, the way out isn’t more imprisoned people, but, as paradoxically as it may sound, more law: Decades of research have shown that across a variety of professions people care as much about how they are treated during the course of an interaction as the outcome of that interaction. Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). Black defendants who hire private attorneys are almost twice as likely to have the primary charge against them reduced than are the black clients of public defenders. Just as we place people into categories, we place other animals into categories. And this process includes “a checklist of reminders” that people have to click through before they can post something about someone “suspicious”: • Focus on behavior. But it is actually a function of biology and exposure. Believe it or not, according to a survey by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, 22% of young Americans who came of age in the twenty-first century have never heard of the Holocaust. "Implicit bias is a kind of distorting lens that's a product of both the architecture of our brains and the disparities in our society." On a certain intuitive level, we already know this! Jennifer Eberhardt drew from her 20-plus years of research and teaching as a Stanford University professor for her book Biased. December 16, 2020 DoingDewey Uncategorized 11 ★★★★★ Title: Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do Author: Jennifer L. Eberhardt Source: from publisher for review Links: Bookshop (affiliate link) |Goodreads Rating: Summary: This was everything I want from pop … 60 Second Summary: Biased – Dr Jennifer Eberhardt. Finding common ground with someone your body and mind tell you is different from you can only be achieved through frequent contact—and only over periods of time. 12min Team | Posted on November 6, 2019 |. When someone seems foreign or unfamiliar or unpredictable, your gut reactions prepare you to be wary. In a chapter entitled “The Scary Monster,” Eberhardt, the scientist, the race researcher, provides the reader with a superficial and emotional glance at early race science. Only 8 percent of high school seniors could identify slavery as the primary reason the South seceded from the Union. From 1995 to 1998 she taught at Yale University in the Departments of Psychology and African and African American Studies. This bias impedes our efforts to embrace and understand people who are deemed not like us. Pre-order your signed copy of Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do today, by either calling the store at 801-484-9100 or ordering online. Dr. Eberhardt’s work offers a touchstone for educators, leaders, lawmakers, and all those who want a society that serves everyone equally.”. Needless to say, “whitened” CVs do get more interviews. She has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was named one of Foreign Policy's 100 Leading Global Thinkers.She is co-founder and co-director of SPARQ (Social Psychological Answers to Real-World Questions), … Eberhardt did a couple of studies that uncovered that white police officers are more inclined to focus their attention on a black face after being shown a word related to criminal activity. “Other-race effect.” people are much better at recognizing faces of their own race than faces of other races, By the time babies are three months old, their brains react more strongly to faces of their own race than to faces of people unlike them. More likely to mistakenly “shoot” a black person with no gun. In fact, the connection was even more blatant: the longer the drivers had been on the job and the more experience they had, the larger their posterior hippocampus. This inspired Jennifer L. Eberhardt to ask herself a somewhat frightening question: “Because our experiences in the world are reflected in our brains, might our expertise in recognizing faces of our own race—and failing to recognize those of others—display its own neurobiological signature as well?”, To answer this question, Eberhardt joined a team of Stanford scientists who studied something known as the fusiform face area (FFA). Eberhardt’s book is a deep dive on race, with a focus on how race relates to law enforcement and beyond. Black drivers are twice as likely as white drivers to have been stopped for a high-discretion equipment violation as opposed to a moving violation. Forcing people to go against their instincts without an explanation is what has this produced this outcome. The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any industrialized nation in the world. Black lives matter—but they matter less to whites. When people focus on not seeing color, they may also fail to see discrimination. In a chapter entitled “The Scary Monster,” Eberhardt, the scientist, the race researcher, provides the reader with a superficial and emotional glance at early race science. She has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was named one of Foreign Policy's 100 Leading Global Thinkers.She is co-founder and co-director of SPARQ (Social Psychological Answers to Real-World Questions), a … Jennifer L. Eberhardt, PhD captures this tension exquisitely in her new book (releasing tomorrow, March 26), Biased. Even more, that there is “a neural component to the same-race advantage in the face-recognition process.”. She has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was named one of Foreign Policy's 100 Leading Global Thinkers.She is co-founder and co-director of SPARQ (Social Psychological Answers to … White people are likely to be a minority in this country, according to U.S. Census Bureau projections, More than half of white Americans—55 percent—believe there is discrimination against white people in the United States today, according to a 2017 survey by Harvard University’s School of Public Health. The following are my favorite notes from Jennifer L. Eberhardt's Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do. The African-American Stanford University psychology professor — and author of a new book called Biased … The numbers don’t lie: 1 out of 4 black people was handcuffed during these police stops even when no arrest was made. But is this not, once again, the Euthyphro dilemma at play? 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