Everglades National Park preserves part of the remaining Everglades ecosystem, a vast "River of Grass" that originally extended from its headwaters in the Kissimmee Chain of Lakes through Lake Okeechobee and into the Water Conservation Areas and Everglades National Park, including the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico and Florida Bay. Wetlands International and The Nature Conservancy. This can prevent and protect against flooding and it also aides in stopping erosion caused by waves. Everglades Ridge and Slough physiographic regions, which make up the central Everglades flow-way. The Text Widget allows you to add text or HTML to your sidebar. Good job! Order custom writing paper now! Everglades National Park provides the public with the opportunity to experience the Everglades wilderness for recreation, reflection, and solitude in proximity to one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States. Its wetlands and wildlife draw large numbers of birders, anglers, boaters, and other outdoor enthusiasts. The mosaic of habitats found within the Greater Everglades Ecosystem supports an assemblage of plant and animal species not found elsewhere on the planet. What are Seagrasses?. The USGS Greater Everglades Priority Ecosystems Program provides science to support management and restoration of America’s Everglades. Everglades National Park contains a vast and hydrologically connected ecosystem, with wetland sloughs and prairies, tropical hardwood hammocks, pine rocklands, extensive mangrove estuaries, and Florida Bay with its expansive seagrass meadows. THE EVERGLADES — Fire is a natural part of the South Florida ecosystem. 1996) to sample all of the Marl Prairie/Rocky Glades and the Everglades Ridge and Slough physiographic regions. Everglades National Park provides important foraging and breeding habitat for more than 400 species of birds, is a significant breeding ground for wading birds in North America, and functions as a primary corridor and refuge for migratory and wintering wildlife populations. The purpose statement identifies the specific reason(s) for establishment of a particular park. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP). The Everglades also provides critical, and often undervalued, benefits to people, called ecosystem services. The more you know, Thanks guys! Our comparison of trade-offs is conducted at three relevant spatial scales4—lo-cal (the ranch), regional (headwaters of the Everglades), and global. The Everglades is a unique place and if you visit this place, you will have the time of your life. These statements are linked to the purpose of the park unit, and are supported by data, research, and consensus. The list of ecosystem services presented here reflects ... Ecosystem Services Related to Attributes that People Care About Ecosystem services are tied to the set of attributes of the coastal marine environment that people care about. Waterfowl, wading birds, and fish disappeared, prompting conservationists and sport fishers to demand the region be restored before the canal was finished in 1971. Restoration of this ecosystem, considered one of the most endangered in the national park system, is dependent on a globally significant experiment in intergovernmental collaboration. This program supports multi-year monitoring, modeling, and research projects that span the entire range of scientific disciplines. Ecosystem Services Including Economic Values; Historic Buildings and Structures We identify ecosystem services that could be affected by Everglades restoration. The Program uses EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) statistical survey design (reviewed in Diaz-Ramos et al. The Everglades Literacy Program provides the skills and tools necessary to act to protect this threatened ecosystem which provides the daily water supply for nearly 8 million Floridians, contributes billions of dollars to Florida’s economy, and provides recreational and educational opportunities for millions of visitors from all over the world. 3-4-2013 (last updated). For the first time in American history, a large tract of wilderness was permanently protected not for its scenic value, but for the benefit of the unique diversity of life it sustained. Statements of significance describe why an area is important within a global, national, regional, and system-wide context. Available: https://www.nps.gov/ever/learn/nature/marineplants.htm, Vital Ecosystem Services Provided by Everglade Wetland Plants – Angela Luppino, https://www.nps.gov/ever/learn/nature/mangroves.htm, Invasive Species In Everglades National Park -Holly Reardon. These diverse habitats support a mix of tropical and temperate plants and animals, including iconic species such as the ghost orchid, Florida panther, Cape Sable seaside sparrow, Florida leafwing, American alligator, American crocodile, roseate spoonbill, West Indian manatee, smalltooth sawfish, wood stork, anhinga, snook, and tarpon. Rehydrating the Florida Everglades is the largest ecological restoration project in the world. The Everglades are estimated to form over 91,000 jobs in just food services and over 322,000 jobs that deal with provisioning, ie. Ecological Goods and Services (EG & S)-benefits arising from the ecological functions of healthy ecosystems Chapter 6 Ecosystem goods and services provided by the Everglades Oxygen the many plants in the Everglades provide humans and other organisms with oxygen through tourism (transportation, shelter, food & drink, etc) and real estate. In a Dec. 3 University of Florida Everglades Research and Education Zoom seminar, Rachel Taylor of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission explained how they use controlled burns to mimic the way Mother Nature managed the Everglades. (Michaud 2001). Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Available: https://www.nps.gov/ever/learn/nature/marineplants.htm. ( Log Out /  Everglades National Park is a unique subtropical wetland that is the hydrologic connection between central Florida’s freshwater ecosystem and the coastal systems of Florida Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Total water storage, timing, flow patterns and water quality within the Greater Everglades ecosystem have been substantially altered. (Spalding et al. ( Log Out /  While nine distinct habitats have been identified, the … Your services were an important factor for my academic advance during my college years. Spalding, M., McIvor, A., Tonneijck, FH., Tol, S., van Eijk P. 2014. Everglades Research and Ecosystem Services. Accessed on 10-8-2016. A wide variety of recreational opportunities is available to visitors. The 99-mile-long Wilderness Waterway that runs through the western part of the park offers outstanding backcountry boating and camping experiences. For example, the Everglades ecosystem provides drinking water for one-third of Floridians and irrigation for much of t… These seagrasses also provide habitat and food for many species of animals (FDEP 2013). Seagrasses like Thalassia testudinum, or Turtle Grass, maintain water quality by catching small particles and other pollutants with its leaves (FDEP 2013). 3-4-2013 (last updated). Accessed on 10-8-2016. Lake Okeechobee, even in its modern-day, altered configuration, provides a large number of ecosystem services in south Florida, which include: Habitat for several species of recreational sport fish Habitat for a commercial catfish fishery Habitat for federally endangered Everglades snail kites Marine Plants/Algae. The park’s legislated wilderness is known as the Marjory Stoneman Douglas Wilderness Area. Everglades. Public concern regarding regional development and ecosystem degradation has galvanized efforts among various governmental and nongovernmental organizations to work toward a balanced and sustainable South Florida ecosystem. Everglades National Park preserves the largest subtropical wilderness in the nation, a vast natural area in the southern Everglades and Florida Bay known throughout the world for its unparalleled ecological values, natural hydrologic conditions, vibrant cultural heritage, and unique recreational and educational opportunities. Ecologist Peter Frederick explains why this massive effort is worth its multi-billion-dollar cost. However, the progress in implementing CERP projects has been slow because of their size, complexity, and long-term nature. Everglades National Park provides critical ecosystem services, outdoor recreation opportunities, and an enhanced quality of life for the almost 7 million people in South Florida. Through the SERES (Synthesis of Everglades Restoration and Ecosystem Services) project, The Everglades Foundation established a credible team of scientific experts to address ecosystem … Even though experts have identified 9 distinct habitats, the landscape is still dynamic. Accessed on 10-9-2016. The economic value of a subset of these services is quantified with existing data. Maintaining water quality is important because the agricultural industry and residents of south Florida use water from this ecosystem (NWF). Services admin 2019-10-08T13:52:31-04:00 Product / Service #1 Whatever your company is most known for should go right here, whether that’s bratwurst or baseball caps or vampire bat removal. I hope that by reading this blog, you have an understanding of how important this ecosystem is and why we need efforts to conserve it. The remaining Everglades no longer exhibit the functions and richness that defined the pre-drainage ecosystem. The Everglades Restoration Transition Plan (ERTP) is the operational plan that establishes how federal water control structures are operated in the southern portion of the system to meet the Corps’ responsibilities for flood control and to minimize adverse effects to threatened and endangered species. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service (USDI NPS²). Everglades National Park is home to a diverse wetland ecosystem. Available: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/coastal/habitats/seagrass/. At Home with Wetlands-A Landowner’s Guide. Significance statements express why Everglades National Park resources and values are important enough to merit national park unit designation. This is in turn causing animal populations to decrease or disperse, and ecosystem services … The ecosystem services monetized within the scope of this study are a subset of the difference between the future-with the Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP) and the future-without CEPP, and they totaled ~$1.8 billion USD at a 2.5% discount rate. You can use a text widget to display text, links, images, HTML, or a combination of these. Great! In general, C&SF projects had b… 2014) Many marine species and birds utilize mangrove trees as nurseries and habitats (USDI NPS¹). Everglades National Park includes natural and cultural resources that are part of the ancestral territory of American Indian tribes of Florida (including the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, and other American Indian groups such as the Council of the Original Miccosukee Simanolee Nation Aboriginal Peoples). Ecosystem: Mangrove. Wetlands are complex ecosystems and scientists are still learning just how valuable they are. The Synthesis of Everglades Restoration and Ecosystem Services (SERES): a case study for interactive knowledge exchange to guide Everglades restoration Rena R. Borkhataria Paul R. Wetzel Edit them in the Widget section of the. Mangroves for coastal defence-Guidelines for coastal managers & policy makers. I did not realize all the natural defenses that this natural park had in order to prevent flooding. As the top predator of the Everglades, says Rosenblatt, alligators have a large impact on the ecosystem through their interactions with and consumption of other animals. Wetlands are complex ecosystems and scientists are still learning just how valuable they are. From initial settlement by American Indian tribes about 6,000 years ago to more recent use of Everglades resources throughout the 20th century, the story of Everglades National Park includes links between natural resources and human use (both historic and prehistoric) of the area. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Biscayne Bay and Southeastern Everglades Ecosystem Restoration - New Study Project Delivery Team (PDT) Meetings. Wetland plants provide a multitude of ecosystem services that maintain water quality, protect against floods, provide for wildlife, and stabilize shoreline and the sea bottom. With a 2.5% discount rate, the value totals ~$1.8 billion. Popular activities include wildlife viewing, nature hikes, fishing, camping, bicycling, motor boating, and canoeing. National Wildlife Federation (NWF). of the Interior, NPS²). Everglades National Park was established when the enabling legislation adopted by Congress was signed into law on May 30, 1934. Maintaining water quality is important because the agricultural industry and residents of south Florida use water from this ecosystem (NWF). ( Log Out /  Everglades National Park has the largest mangrove forest in the Western Hemisphere (USDI NPS¹). The Ecosystem of the Florida Everglades . of the Interior, NPS²). 40001 State Road 9336 This is a really important ecosystem and we really need to take measures it’s protected. Marine Plants/Algae. ( Log Out /  This paper argues that sea level rise caused by global warming is reducing sawgrass populations, enabling intrusion of mangroves, and damaging the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. These are referred to as other important resources and values. This ecosystem is more 100 miles long. These seagrasses also provide habitat and food for many species of animals (FDEP 2013). Available: http://www.nwf.org/wildlife/wild-places/everglades.aspx. Washington State Department of Ecology 90-31:17-21. The purpose of our paper is to explore the environmental disaster left by human beings over this unique ecosystem and to focus on the recent attempts at restoring the remaining Everglades. Preserving our parks is so important because not only do they help us out, but they are such a rich source of nutrients for many organisms. Available: http://www.nwf.org/wildlife/wild-places/everglades.aspx. 2013). A diverse biological community thrives in the park within an expansive patterned wetland in a subtropical climate. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service (USDI NPS²). Everglades National Park is a unique landscape that is home to a complex network of organisms that provide us with vital ecosystem services (Michaud 2001). There has been a substantial reduction in the size of the Everglades. regulating, and cultural services—and the trade-offs among these services and converse disservices. 33034, Ecological Integrity / Dynamics (Restoration), Ecosystem Services Including Economic Values. Can this threatened ecosystem be saved Everglades National Park contains the largest subtropical wilderness area in North America and the largest legislated wilderness area east of the Rocky Mountains. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Project Delivery Team (PDT) members include only the federal officials and elected officers of state, local or tribal governments or their designated employees with authority to act on their behalf acting in their official capacities. The park encompasses 1,509,000 acres, including the largest legislated wilderness area (1,296,500 acres) east of the Rocky Mountains. Seagrass roots and rhizomes protect and stabilize soil from being eroded by waves and currents, maintaining shorelines and sea bottoms (Michaud 2001) and (U.S. Dept. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP). Wetland plants provide a multitude of ecosystem services that maintain water quality, protect against floods, provide for wildlife, and stabilize shoreline and the sea bottom. Available: https://www.nps.gov/ever/learn/nature/mangroves.htm. Christina Estela Brown, Mahadev G. Bhat, Jennifer Rehage, Valuing Ecosystem Services under Climate Risk: A Case of Recreational Fisheries in the Florida Everglades, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0001290, 146, 12, (04020089), (2020). Accessed on 10-9-2016. The C&SF started building the C-38 canal in 1962 and the effects were seen almost immediately. Homestead, FL Florida is the first state that has passed legislation to address ecosystem services. Mangroves protect against hurricane storm surges by dissipating the energy of waves that pass through them. Want a printable version of this Foundation Document overview? Significance statements describe the distinctive nature of the park and inform management decisions, focusing efforts on preserving and protecting the most important resources and values of the park unit. As the only conservation organization working throughout the ecosystem, Audubon’s goal for the Everglades is to reestablish colonies of wading birds that have been displaced by drainage, development, and dirty water. The Everglades is surrounded by human development, including the cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale. Download an accessible PDF. Everglades National Park includes and protects a large remnant of an endangered, vast, interconnected, and recovering ecosystem that has been impacted by and still faces unprecedented pressure from the regional water management system. Mangroves are so important to us in Florida because they help with flooding and erosion! The State of Florida anticipates great returns in ecosystem services, far outweighing the cost of restoration (Mather Economics 2010). What are Seagrasses?. These are referred to as other important resources and values. The Everglades is a subtropical wetland ecosystem that stretches across two million acres of central and southern Florida. Michaud, J.P. 2001 (revised). Everglades National Park contains other resources and values that may not be fundamental to the purpose and significance of the park but are important to consider in management and planning decisions. Everglades National Park preserves archeological and historical resources spanning approximately 6,000 years of human history, revealing adaptation to and exploitation and alteration of its unique environment. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Everglades National Park in August 2012. These services create approximately 6,789 jobs in commercial fishing, 3,724 jobs in agriculture, and 80,569 jobs in wildlife habitat and hunting. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service (USDI NPS¹). Everglades ecosystem in association with many partners, including Everglades National Park (ENP). Welcome to your new home on WordPress.com, Vital Ecosystem Services Provided by Everglade Wetland Plants, Everglades National Park is home to a diverse wetland ecosystem. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The multi-billion-dollar Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) was authorized in 2000 to restore and protect the Everglades ecosystem. The Everglades Ecosystem Asse_ssment [EEA, also known as Everglades Regional EMAP (REMAP)] is the only comprehensive monitoring and assessment program that preceded the development of the Comprehensive Everglades Everglades. , or Turtle Grass, maintain water quality by catching small particles and other pollutants with its leaves (FDEP 2013). Fundamental resources and values are those features, systems, processes, experiences, stories, scenes, sounds, smells, or other attributes determined to merit primary consideration during planning and management processes because they are essential to achieving the purpose of the park and maintaining its significance. Change ), This is a text widget. Synthesis of Everglades Research and Ecosystem Services (SERES) is a project intended to produce a body of scientific work that synthesizes field data, historical information and modeling results of the last 1-2 decades of intensive Everglades freshwater research. Ecosystem services are considered in terms of eco-nomic returns from provisioning services. He notes that in addition to its importance to recreation and tourism, the Everglades are … Central Everglades Planning Project A biennial review of CERP found that little progress was being made in restoring the core of the Everglades ecosystem Restoring a more natural quantity, quality, timing and distribution of water to the remaining portions of the “River 15-22. Everglades National Park contains other resources and values that may not be fundamental to the purpose and significance of the park but are important to consider in management and planning decisions. As the first national park designated for the protection of biological resources, Everglades National Park is the only place in the United States jointly designated as an International Biosphere Reserve, a World Heritage Site, and a Wetland of International Importance. Many ecosystem services could not be valued with existing data. The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) Adaptive Management Program is designed to adjust restoration project implementation if restoration objectives are not being met (LoSchiavo et al. Available: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/coastal/habitats/seagrass/. National Wildlife Federation (NWF). It is a sub-tropical refuge to several animal species and plants. The purpose statement lays the foundation for understanding what is most important about the park. Florida’s 15 million acres of forests contribute to clean air and, along with the Everglades, play a significant role in national carbon sequestration. The Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project's final construction project was straightening the Kissimmee River, a meandering 90-mile (140 km)-long river that was drained to make way for grazing land and agriculture. 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