Nowhere are these investments a bigger challenge than in the educational domain. The majority of those who were working—about 70 percent—said that their job did not require any skill at all. For example, a favorite, economical meal for Egyptians is koshary, a dish made of rice, macaroni, and lentils covered with tomato sauce and fried onions. The rights group Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) documented the closure by the authorities of 14 churches. The arrests included those who called for boycotting the process, such as the 2012 presidential candidate and the head of the Strong Egypt Party, Abd al-Moneim Abu al-Fotouh. Few analysts would disagree with the statement that demographic circumstances and technological developments played a crucial role in sparking and sustaining the popular movement that set this chain of events into motion. Disputes over Nile River rights also have the potential to disrupt Egypt’s water resources. Factbook > Countries > Egypt > Geography. The Egyptian government and state media have framed this repression under the guise of combating terrorism, and al-Sisi has increasingly invoked terrorism and the country’s state of emergency law to silence peaceful activists. At least 28 leading rights activists have been banned from leaving the country as part of this case and could be arrested at any moment. Another 20 percent said that there was no suitable work given their experience and degree or at a suitable organization or firm. In addition to “push” factors, young Egyptians are also lured by the promise of better circumstances in Europe. A successful path forward on this issue will require continued cooperation with international pharmaceutical companies as well as increased screening and outreach. Some cases have been transferred to the Emergency State Security Courts, a parallel judicial system operating since October 2017, under the state of emergency that the government claims is being used only against terrorists and drug traffickers. In May, the European Union spokesperson decried the wave of arrest of human rights defenders in the country. A law signed in August of 2018 tightened government control of the internet, putting thousands of social media accounts under government surveillance.10 Al-Sisi has relied on external actors, including Gulf states, to support his increasingly authoritarian policies. Egypt’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey recorded a globally unprecedented 17 percent increase in the country’s total fertility rate since 2008. In February, Egypt passed a new law on the rights of persons with disabilities, 10 years after it ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Share. Egypt will continue to access bilateral and multilateral financing to support ambitious transport infrastructure plans. November 3, 2020. Wealthy Egyptians also enjoy fast foods, seen as a status food item. Over 90 percent of over 3,700 churches and buildings still work without a permit and lack legal protection. Every three months, the authorities extended the state of emergency, in force since April 2017, thereby circumventing the constitutional six-month limit. Ethiopia is currently constructing the “Grand Renaissance Dam,” described as Africa’s largest dam project. The Muslim Brotherhood was the best-organized opposition party. 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