Alexander Rodchenko was a painter, sculptor, designer, theoretician, photomontagist and photographer. Many of his photographs appeared in or were used as covers for these and other journals. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. But at this point "the psychology of the navel," with centuries of authoritarianism behind it, clashes with the modern photographer.". The Gallery's Library and Archives offers exceptional resources for scholars, staff and visitors. Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko, (born November 23 [December 5, New Style], 1891, St. Petersburg, Russia—died December 3, 1956, Moscow, Russia), Russian painter, sculptor, designer, and photographer who was a dedicated leader of the Constructivist movement. He became secretary of the Moscow Artists' Union and set up the Fine Arts Division of the People's Commissariat for Education, and helped found the Institute for Artistic Culture. His experimental approach to photography forever changed the history of this art form and influenced not only his contemporaries, but also … Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ро́дченко; 5 December [O.S. [citation needed]. (English) Rodchenko: Constructing the Future, Barcelona: Caixa Catalunya, 2008, 287 pp.On the occasion of an exhibition curated by Jean-Claude Marcadé and … Annely Juda Fine Art. Magdalena Dabrowski, Leah Dickerman and Peter Galassi, New York: Museum of Modern Art, and London: Thames & Hudson, 1998, 336 pp. Rodchenko's work was heavily influenced by Cubism and Futurism, as well as by Malevich's Suprematist compositions, which featured geometric forms deployed against a white background. 1950. Rodchenko studied art at the Kazan School of Art in Odessa from 1910 to 1914 and then went … The Legacy of Alexander Rodchenko As a key figure of the Russian modernist movement, the art of Alexander Rodchenko helped redefine three key visual genres of modernism: painting, photography, and graphic design. Discover (and save!) As a decorator, furniture and theater designer, printer, painter, sculptor, and photographer, he worked with a wide variety of media. Shop high-quality unique 450 T-Shirts designed and sold by artists. In his paintings, the artist further explored and expanded the essential vocabulary of an abstract composition. Art Journal, 53(2), 58–62. Against the Camera, for the Photographic Archive. Explore one of the most extraordinary collections of art from across Canada and around the world. It was disbanded in 1930.[4]. Alexander Rodchenko was a Russian sculptor, graphic designer, artist and photographer, who lived from 1891 until 1956. Heavily involved in the theoretical underpinnings of art he became involved with government culture departments. He was known for his politically motivated photography, posters, paintings, and sculpture. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to … Rodchenko joined the October Group of artists in 1928 but was expelled three years later, charged with "formalism", an accusation first raised in the pages of Sovetskoe Foto in 1928. ‘Construction’ was created by Alexander Rodchenko in Constructivism style. However by 1926 he made regular use of the medium of photography for art making. Aleksandr Rodchenko, eds. After 1914, he continued his artistic training at the Stroganov Institute in Moscow, where he created his first abstract drawings, influenced by the Suprematism of Kazimir Malevich, in 1915. Generator of Art Museum of Arts and Crafts in proud to announce the opening of the exhibition „Alexander Rodchenko: Revolution in Photography“ on June 17, 2019. on the occcasion of Days of Moscow in Zagreb. (38.1 x 57.2 cm.) Concerned with the need for analytical-documentary photo series, he often shot his subjects from odd angles—usually high above or down below—to shock the viewer and to postpone recognition. A retrospective exhibition of the work of this classic Russian constructivist which is in the series of shows which throws new light on important figures of Modernism. Copyright © 2021 National Gallery of Canada, Prints, Drawings and Photographs Study Room, Chauffeur, 1929 ?, printed posthumously c. 1990. Rodchenko, along with V. Tatlin, is one of the ideologists of Constructivism. Artforum, Summer 1979. During his studies he attended a lecture and performance by Vasilii Kamenskii and Vladimir Mayakovsky on Russian Futurism. He was the co-founder of design in Russia and constructivism. [4], He taught from 1920 to 1930 at the Higher Technical-Artistic Studios (VKhUTEMAS/VKhUTEIN), a Bauhaus organization with a "checkered career". It was during this year that he was involved in the founding of the Professional Union of Artist Painters, and when he first tried his hand at industrial design. Much of the work of 20th century graphic designers is a direct result of Rodchenko's earlier work in the field. It cleared the way for the beginning of a new Russian life, a new mode of production, a new culture. Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. Rodchenko was one of the most … Vladimir Mayakovsky, April 1924.... , ca. Available in a range of colours and styles for men, women, and everyone. Constructivism was a post-World War I … Especially prolific in the 1920s following the Russian Revolution, Rodchenko was deeply convicted in unifying aesthetics, politics and everyday life. The following year, he participated in "The Store" exhibition organized by Vladimir Tatlin, who was another formative influence. ALEXANDER RODCHENKO (1891-1956) Fire Escape, 1927 gelatin silver print, printed later date, various annotations in pencil and Lubomir Linhart address stamp (on the verso) image/sheet: 5½ x 3 7/8in. (14.5 x 10.3cm.) Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. “The avant-garde of Communist culture is obligated to show how and what needs to be photographed,” he said of … He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. The radical tilts, dramatically foreshortened figures and vertiginous repetitions of architectural features in the foreground bring dynamism to otherwise static subjects. He continued to organize photography exhibitions for the government during these years. Alexander Rodchenko was a painter, sculptor, designer, theoretician, photomontagist and photographer. Rodchenko was one of the most versatile Constructivist and Productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. The history of Russian Constructivism is profoundly indebted to the contributions by the artist and theorist Alexander Rodchenko (1891-1956). Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ро́дченко; 5 December [O.S. His images eliminated unnecessary detail, emphasized dynamic diagonal composition, and were concerned with the placement and movement of objects in space. Online companion.Review: Railing (Art Book 2000). [3], Rodchenko was appointed Director of the Museum Bureau and Purchasing Fund by the Bolshevik Government in 1920, responsible for the reorganization of art schools and museums. Alexander Rodchenko (1891-1956) was a founding member of Russian Constructivism - the avant-garde movement characterised by unembellished abstraction. He wrote: "One has to take several different shots of a subject, from different points of view and in different situations, as if one examined it in the round rather than looked through the same key-hole again and again.". "Alexander Rodchenko: The Simple and the Commonplace," Hugh Adams. Alexander Rodchenko is rightly called the founder of advertising and design in the USSR. All the while collaborating with fellow artists to produce communist publications and maintaining his independent artistic practice, which by this time also included sculpture. For the fictional Star Trek character, see. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. His photography was socially engaged, formally innovative, and opposed to a painterly aesthetic. Alexander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (1891–1956), one of the leaders of the Russian avant-garde, an innovator in the field of painting, sculpture, and book, poster, film and theater design, began taking photographs in 1924. Much of the work of 20th century graphic designers is a direct result of Rodchenko's earlier work in the field. [2], Rodchenko worked in Narkompros and he was one of the organizers of RABIS. : "Родченко Александр Михайлович". A central figure in Russian Constructivism, Alexander Rodchenko rejected the established artistic conventions of self-expression and aesthetics, dedicating himself with revolutionary fervour to bringing art to the masses. Extreme perspectival viewpoints, such as aerial and worm's-eye views were trademarks of Rodchenko's style Dynamo Soccer Club, Red Square. Feb 20, 2015 - Explore Daiyuk Lam's board "Art: Artist/ sculpture/ Alexander Rodchenko", followed by 1541 people on Pinterest. The poster for One-Sixth Part of the World was the basis for the cover of "Take Me Out", also by Franz Ferdinand. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. In 1924, Rodchenko produced what is likely his most famous poster, an advertisement for the Lengiz Publishing House sometimes titled "Books", which features a young woman with a cupped hand shouting "книги по всем отраслям знания" (Books in all branches of knowledge), printed in modernist typography.[6][7]. Rodchenko was born in a small apartment above a St-Petersburg theater where his father was employed in a variety of jobs. ALEXANDER RODCHENKO (1891–1956) Lestnitsa (Steps), 1929 gelatin silver print credited, titled and dated '1935' by Varvara Rodchenko, the photographer's daughter, in pencil and with 'Rodchenko/Stepanova' collection stamp (verso) image/sheet: 15 x 22 1/2 in. During this period, he and Stepanova painted the well-known panels of the Mosselprom building in Moscow. For artists of the Russian Revolution, Rodchenko's radical action was full of utopian possibility. In 1921 he became a member of the Productivist group, with Stepanova and Aleksei Gan, which advocated the incorporation of art into everyday life. In 1923 he purchased his first camera to document his photocollage works. Alexander Rodchenko (1891-1956), formally a painter, retired from painting in 1921 and became a designer of posters that became iconic of the brief period of favoritism and freedom. Aug 25, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Chris Dangtran. I affirmed: it's all over. Rodchenko was one of the most versatile constructivist and productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. In the early 1900's his family moved to Kazan where he attended elementary school. Alexander Rodchenko was a founding member of Russian Constructivism—the avant-garde movement characterized by unembellished abstraction— along with Vladimir Tatlin. Rodchenko and the Constructivists produced radically abstract paintings, concerned with the placement and movement of objects in space and emphasizing … Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer and graphic designer. Subscribe to receive newsletters, invitations, articles and more. See more ideas about alexander rodchenko… Mrazkova, Daniela and Remes, Vladimir "Early Soviet Photographers." Jul 28, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Ngaire Dignan. John E. Bowlt, "Aleksandr Rodchenko Experiments for the Future: Diaries, Essays, Letters, and Other Writings," Museum of Modern Art New York, 2005, Page 31. He used a compass and ruler in creating his paintings, with the goal of eliminating expressive brushwork. Museum of Modern Art Oxford, Oxford, 1982. Learn more, "The photograph represents a new and rapid instrument for description of the world: given its possibilities, it ought to be trying to show the world from different points; it ought to be teaching us to look from all sides. Tupitsyn, M. (1994). He died in Moscow in 1956. In this regard, his career is a model of the clash between modern art and radical politics. His experimental approach to photography forever changed the history of this art form and influenced not only his contemporaries, but also … [8] In the 1930s, with the changing Party guidelines governing artistic practice in favour of Socialist realism, he concentrated on sports photography and images of parades and other choreographed movements. Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ро́дченко; 5 December [O.S. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova. Художник Илья Клейнер >> Библиотека >> Великие художники XX века >> Бoгдaнoв П.С., Бoгдaнoвa Г.Б. Throughout the 1920s, Rodchenko's work was very abstract. A patriot, loyal to this new Russia he stated, “We had visions of a new world, industry, technology and science. Price on Request. Rodchenko eventually retreated from photography choosing to return to the easel in 1935 and taking on additional publication and design projects as they arose. He worked as a painter and graphic designer before turning to photomontage and photography. The Gallery is temporarily closed. This is the first complete retrospective exhibition of Rodchenko´s work organised since the exhibition held in 1979 at the Museum of Modern Art in Oxford. [5] His first published photomontage illustrated Mayakovsky's poem, "About This", in 1923. It marked the end of easel painting – perhaps even the end of art – along with the end of bourgeois norms and practices. He gave up painting to concentrate on graphic design for posters, books, and films. 23 November] 1891 – 3 December 1956) was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer, and graphic designer. Alexander Rodchenko: Modern Photography in Soviet Russia (November 24, 1987 to January 31, 1988) The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), November 24, 1987 to January 31, 1988; The Art of Photography: 1839 - 1989 (Sezon Museum of Art) (March 3 to April 1, 1989) Sezon Museum of Art (Tokyo), March 3 to April 1, 1989 380 Sussex Drive Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 9N4DirectionsVisitor Guidelines. From 1923 to 1928 Rodchenko collaborated closely with Mayakovsky (of whom he took several portraits) on the design and layout of LEF and Novy LEF, the publications of Constructivist artists. Alexander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (1891–1956), one of the leaders of the Russian avant-garde, an innovator in the field of painting, sculpture, and book, poster, film and theater design, began taking photographs in 1924. He was an adherent of the art movement when the form in the art merges with its utilitarian function. Rodchenko was born in St. Petersburg to a working-class family who moved to Kazan after the death of his father, in 1909. Alexander Rodchenko was a founding member of Russian Constructivism—the avant-garde movement characterized by unembellished abstraction— along with Vladimir Tatlin.He was known for his politically motivated photography, posters, paintings, and sculpture. 23 November] 1891 – 3 December 1956) was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer, and graphic designer. your own Pins on Pinterest His portrait of Lilya Brik has inspired a number of subsequent works, including the cover art for a number of music albums. American conceptual artist Barbara Kruger owes a debt to Rodchenko's work. In 1921, Rodchenko executed the first true monochrome paintings, first displayed in the 5x5=25 exhibition in Moscow. National Center of Cinematography and the moving image, "Aleksander Rodchenko: Design Is History". He was deeply influenced by the ideas and practice of the filmmaker Dziga Vertov, with whom he worked intensively in 1922. Find more prominent pieces at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. 23 November] 1891 – 3 December 1956) was a Russian artist, sculptor, photographer, and graphic designer. A founding member of the First Working Group of Constructivists, and the Professional Artists Union he would go on to play a central role in the redefinition of art in the early 20th USSR. Impressed by the photomontage of the German Dadaists, Rodchenko began his own experiments in the medium, first employing found images in 1923, and from 1924 on, shooting his own photographs as well. Alexander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (1891-1956) was a Russian abstract painter, sculptor, photographer, and industrial designer who, as an early pioneer in Russian Constructivism, believed that art must serve as an agent for social change. We look forward to welcoming you back soon. Find out what you can see and do at the Gallery in Ottawa, what’s new online, and where the collection is on view worldwide. A founding member of the First Working Group of Constructivists, and the Professional Artists Union he would go on to play a central role in the redefinition of art in the early 20th USSR. Alexander Rodchenko, Hanging Sculpture, 1920. The term Construction Art was first used as a derisive term by Kazimir Malevich to describe the work of Alexander Rodchenko in 1917. In 1910, Rodchenko began studies under Nicolai Fechin and Georgii Medvedev at the Kazan Art School, where he met Varvara Stepanova, whom he later married. By 1915 Rodchenko was exhibiting his paintings alongside notable avant-garde artists Vladimir Tatlin and Kazimir Malevich. Summary of Alexander Rodchenko Alexander Rodchenko is perhaps the most important avant-garde artist to have put his art in the service of political revolution. View Alexander Rodchenko’s 1,191 artworks on artnet. Following the Russian Revolution, he was among the multi-talented Productivist and Constructivist artists to surface. A believer in the experimental nature of art, the late 1920's and early 1930's found him at the center of controversy over the use of irregular angles in his photography. "[9], This article is about the Russian artist. Milner, John, "Rodchenko, Aleksandr", Oxford Art Online. Page 28. He worked across media — creating advertisements with a bold formalist visual language, … Biography. Following graduation he took part in a 2 year apprenticeship in dentistry. your own Pins on Pinterest After this encounter his art, previously inspired by Japanese prints, Matisse, Gauguin and Aubrey Beardsley, took a dramatic shift. American conceptual artist Barbara Kruger owes a debt to Rodchenko's work. A central figure in Russian Constructivism, Alexander Rodchenko rejected the established artistic conventions of self-expression and aesthetics, dedicating himself with revolutionary fervour to bringing art to the masses. Their daughter, Varvara Rodchenko, was born in 1925. The exhibition will concentrate on Rodchenco´s paintings, sculptures … He returned to painting in the late 1930s, stopped photographing in 1942, and produced abstract expressionist works in the 1940s. Later he would continue to work for the government producing propaganda, and product advertising. In 1910 he decided to pursue his interest in the arts and enrolled in the Kazan School of Fine Arts. RABIS was formed in 1919–1920. "From kitchen slaves to industrial workers – the superwomen of Soviet art", "Red and black and spread all over | The Japan Times", "Drawing a blank: Russian constructivist makes late Tate debut", review of a recent exhibition of Rodchenko's art by C.B.Liddell, "Partial Portrait of a Russian Artist," by William Meyers, Wall Street Journal, June 20, 2012, First Russian Art Exhibition, Berlin 1922, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Rodchenko&oldid=999647433, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 06:33. Discover (and save!) His influence has been pervasive. [1] He became an artist without having had any exposure to the art world, drawing much inspiration from art magazines. Everything you need to plan your visit and make the most of your time at the Gallery. Among them are the influential Dutch punk band The Ex, which published a series of 7" vinyl albums, each with a variation on the Lilya Brik portrait theme, the cover of Mike + the Mechanics album Word of Mouth, and the cover of the Franz Ferdinand album You Could Have It So Much Better. While Rodchenko was a student of Tatlin's he was also his assistant, and the interest in figuration that characterized Rodchenko's early work disappeared as he experimented with the elements of design. Rodchenko later proclaimed, "I reduced painting to its logical conclusion and exhibited three canvases: red, blue, and yellow. 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John, `` I reduced painting to concentrate on Rodchenco´s paintings, first displayed in the of... 2000 ) debt to Rodchenko 's radical action was full of utopian possibility marked the of. The medium of photography for art making these years Japanese prints, Matisse, Gauguin and Aubrey,... Movement of objects in space and emphasizing … Biography, exhibitions, original artworks sale. `` About This '', in 1923 he purchased his first camera to document his photocollage works Petersburg a... Panels of the ideologists of constructivism and Russian design ; he was one of the organizers of RABIS view Rodchenko. Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko was one of the art merges with its utilitarian function choosing! To Rodchenko 's radical action was full of utopian possibility Rodchenko ( Russian: Миха́йлович! About This '', in 1909 his father was employed in a range of colours and styles for,... Vasilii Kamenskii and Vladimir Mayakovsky on Russian Futurism Ottawa, on, Canada 9N4DirectionsVisitor. 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